US EIA Issues Permian Basin Natural Gas Pipeline Project Update

The U.S. Energy Information Administration issued its latest Natural Gas Pipeline Project Tracker on Thursday to include five new projects—four newly announced projects and one project under construction—since its last update in April 2022.

Of the four new projects, three will expand capacity for existing pipelines and one will be a new pipeline. If completed as planned, these five projects together would increase takeaway capacity out of the Permian Basin by a combined 4.18 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) over the next two years.

The three capacity expansion projects were announced in May and June:

  • The Gulf Coast Express Pipeline Expansion, announced by Kinder Morgan on May 16, will expand compression on the pipeline, increasing capacity by 0.57 Bcf/d to 2.55 Bcf/d. The project is expected to enter service in December 2023.
  • The Permian Highway Pipeline Expansion, which reached a final investment decision by Kinder Morgan on June 29, will also expand compression, increasing capacity by 0.55 Bcf/d to 2.65 Bcf/d. The project is expected to enter service in November 2023.
  • The Whistler Pipeline Capacity Expansion, announced on May 2 by WhiteWater and MPLX, is a joint venture between Stonepeak and West Texas Gas, Inc., that will expand compression by installing three new compressor stations on the pipeline, increasing capacity by 0.5 Bcf/d to 2.5 Bcf/d. The project is expected to enter service in September 2023.

There are some Oklahoma ties to the new Permian pipeline project which reached a final investment decision on May 19:

  • The Matterhorn Express Pipeline is a joint venture among WhiteWater, Dallas-based EnLink Midstream, Oklahoma City-based Devon Energy Corp, and MPLX. This pipeline will be 490 miles long and will be able to transport up to 2.5 Bcf/d of natural gas from the Waha Hub in West Texas to Katy, Texas. The pipeline will receive natural gas from upstream Permian Basin connections and from direct connections at processing facilities in the Midland Basin before connecting to the Agua Blanca Pipeline. The pipeline is expected to enter service in the third quarter of 2024.

The project already under construction is expected to be completed by the end of 2022:

  • The Oasis Pipeline Modernization Project will modernize and optimize Dallas-based Energy Transfer’s existing Oasis Pipeline. This expansion would provide an additional 0.06 Bcf/d of Permian Basin takeaway capacity.

According to the July 2022 Short-Term Energy Outlook, the U.S. EIA anticipates production in the Permian Basin to increase by 2.3 Bcf/d in 2022 and an additional 1.4 Bcf/d in 2023.